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# understand and use prepositions behind in front

Description:

The child will understand and use the words "behind" and "in front"

 Early years skill: Shape, space and measure Early years typical range: 30-50m P-scales/Nat. Curriculum skill: Maths Shape Space and Measures P-scales/Nat. Curriculum level: P7 TAP skill: Language TAP level: TAP42
 Section: Early Years (0-5yrs) info; Primary (5-11yrs) info

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Activity/strategy name and materials required How to do the activity Key principles for doing the activity and comments
Behind with easily available objects

Cup,

box,

pencil,

ruler

(you could substitute different objects if you prefer)

prompt cards showing the required positions of the items (optional)

1. Tell the child that you are going to put the pencil behind the cup - put the objects in the right places.

2. Next tell them that you are going to put the pencil behind the box.

3. Put the pencil and ruler in different places, describing what you are doing.

Repeat a number of times as necessary putting different objects behind other objects.

4. Then explain it's the child's turn to put the object in the right place. Say "put the pencil behind the box". If the child gets it right, say, "well done, the pencil is behind the box". If s/he gets it wrong, show them where the pencil goes.

5. Carry on giving the child instructions.

6. Let the child have a turn to give the instructions so s/he practices use the words. If the child finds it difficult to think of what to say, make a set of prompt cards.

Make sure that you sit next to the child when you work on these prepositions - this will make sure that what's "behind" for you will also be behind for the child

Each time you describe what you are doing or you ask the child to carry out an action, stress the preposition word so they can hear what the important word in that sentence is.

At first you should usually work on contrasting prepositions, such as "behind" and "in front" separately, as working on them together when they are both new to the child can cause the child to be confused between the two.

"In front" with easily available objects

Materials as above

Behind and "in front" with easily available objects

Make sure that you sit next to the child when you work on these prepositions - this will make sure that what's "behind" for you will also be behind for the child

Each time you describe what you are doing or you ask the child to carry out an action, stress the preposition word so they can hear what the important word in that sentence is.

Do this activity only after you have worked on the prepositions separately.

Hide and seek with miniatures

Miniature people (such as Playmobil) or Teddy, Doll

Places for the miniature people to hide, for example toy furniture, bricks, toy car, book etc.

The more enthusiastically you act his out the better.

This game can be highly motivating.

Picture description

Several paired pictures showing the same person, animal or object behind and in front of an object (e.g. a cat behind a bin and a cat in front of a bin; a person behind a chair and a person in front of a chair, etc.)

Pencil and paper or white board and pen

This activity is particularly useful for children who are mixing up the words "behind" and "in front".

Make sure that the child understands that you are expecting a quick sketch, rather than a very careful drawing that would take a long time to execute.