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Minimal pair words  This resource has been viewed by a moderator.

Early years skill:Communication and Language
Early years typical range:40-60+m
P-scales/Nat. Curriculum skill:English
P-scales/Nat. Curriculum level:P4-P8
TAP skill:Language
TAP level:TAP37-54
Phonology/Articulation:Speech sounds
Section:Early Years (0-5yrs) info; Primary (5-11yrs) info; Secondary (11-16yrs) info; Post School Education info; Adult info

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Sets of minimal pair words - pairs of words which differ by just one sound - for example "car" and "tar", "cat" and "cap".

Back sounds to front sounds
(/k, g/ and /t, d/)

  • car/tar
  • Kim/Tim
  • key/tea
  • come/tum
  • cap/tab
  • coffee/toffee
  • don/gone
  • go/dough
  • gate/date
  • back/bat
  • mac/mat
  • thing/thin
  • ron/wrong
  • ping/pin

/s, z, f/ and /t, d, p/ (Stopping)

  • four/paw
  • fan/pan
  • cuff/cup
  • half/harp
  • sea/tea
  • sail/tail
  • sew/toe
  • sue/two
  • sailor/tailor
  • case/Kate
  • nice/night
  • shape/tape
  • shoot/loot
  • zebra/Debra
  • rose/road

‘f, s, sh’ and ‘b, d,’ (Stopping and voicing fricatives)

  • fatman/batman
  • phone/bone
  • fox/box
  • funny/bunny
  • saw/door
  • soapy/dopey
  • shirt/dirt
  • shark/dark

Final sounds

  • car/cart
  • tar/tart
  • bee/bean
  • Sue/soup
  • toe/toast
  • scar/scarf
  • no/nose
  • moo/move/moon/moose

Simplifying blends

  • pay/play
  • goo/glue
  • fat/flat
  • go/grow
  • door/drawer
  • stop/top
  • stable/table
  • stick/tick/sick
  • stamp/damp
  • spin/pin/bin
  • spell/bell
  • start/dart
  • skate/gate
  • scar/car
  • ski/key
  • smile/Nile
  • smack/mac
  • sneeze/knees
  • snail/nail
  • sleep/leap
  • switch/witch
  • swing/wing
  • sweet/wheat

Context sensitive voicing

  • pea/bee
  • pear/bear
  • tear/deer
  • curl/girl
  • coal/goal
  • fan/van
  • Sue/zoo
  • piece/peas
  • log/lock
  • mad/mat

/w,r/ and /l, y/

  • rich/witch
  • ring/wing
  • yapping/lapping
  • reed/weed   
  • fight/white
  • feet/wheat
  • tire/wire

 /t/ final versus vowel

  • cart/car
  • tart/tar
  • beat/bee
  • suit/sue
  • toe/toast
  • note/no
  • boat/bow
  • goat/go
  • fort/four
  • seat/sea
  • toot/two
  • shoot/shoe
  • start/star
  • white/why
   
   

2 comments

admin Thu, 10/11/2011 - 18:17

Re: Minimal pair words

Classifications for "English" and "Communication, Language and Literacy" have been added. These lists could be used in a variety of activities.

Debbie Wed, 22/07/2015 - 16:18

Re: Minimal pair words

very helpull

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