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Language and Communication Be aware of an imminent change from an object of reference  This resource has been viewed by a moderator.


To be aware of an imminent change, for example changing environment (e.g. going to lunch, going out), or change in person interacting with them.

Early years skill:Understanding
Early years typical range:0-11m
P-scales/Curriculum skill:English Listening
P-scales/Curriculum level:P2i
TAP skill:Understanding of Language/Comprehension
TAP level:TAP9
Pre/Nat. Curriculum Area:Anticipation
Pre/Nat. Curiculum Standard:Engagement
Section:Early Years (0-5yrs) info; Primary (5-11yrs) info; Secondary (11-16yrs) info; Post School Education info; Adult info
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Activity/strategy name and materials required How to do the activity Key principles for doing the activity and comments
Use an object of reference to signal a change in activity

Set of objects of reference relevant for the person, including the one relevant for this change

Difference between object cues and objects of reference

Guidance on selecting objects to use

  1. Immediately before a change - for example if they are just about to go to lunch - present the object related to the new activity to the person/child to handle;
  2. Go straight to the new activity.

You can use objects of reference to signal the arrival of a new person, a change in object (e.g. about to move to a standing frame), a change in location, or an imminent event ("POLE") - see:

Objects of reference and object cues are both used to refer to a person, object, location or event; however an object cue could actually be used in the situation, whereas an object of reference is not used in the situation.

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