Abbreviation: S P8
"Pupils show they have observed patterns or regular changes in features of objects, living things and events, for example, chrysalis/butterfly day/night. They make some contribution to planning and evaluation and to recording their findings. They identify a range of common materials and know about some of their properties. They sort materials using simple criteria and communicate their observations of materials in terms of these properties. Pupils make their own observations of changes of light, sound or movement that result from actions, for example, using a volume control or a dimmer switch and can describe the changes when questioned directly."