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Text mangle tool  This resource has been viewed by a moderator.

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Early years skill:Any
Early years typical range:Any
P-scales/Curriculum skill:English
P-scales/Curriculum level:P4-P8
TAP skill:Understanding of Language/Comprehension
TAP level:TAP37-54
Pre/Nat. Curriculum Area:not specified
Pre/Nat. Curiculum Standard:not specified
Phonology/Articulation:not specified
Section:Early Years (0-5yrs) info; Primary (5-11yrs) info; Secondary (11-16yrs) info; Post School Education info; Adult info

Text mangle tool

Enter text in the "written or spoken text box", and then press "mangle text". Use the options below to set how you want the text to be mangled.

Enter some text here to mangle.
"Mangled text" will appear here in this box after you press the "mangle" button. This is to get an idea of what it might look or sound like to someone with reading and/or comprehension difficulties.
Make sure the first three boxes under "Language comprehension" are ticked if you want to just see the effects of these decoding options.
Tick the first three boxes here if you just want to see effects from the decoding text option.
Untick all the boxes under "Language comprehension", and ensure that "Can recognise everything" has been ticked under "Decoding written text" if you just want to see what the effects of (understood) sign support might be.

Each Signalong phase has on average around 390 signs see the Signalong website for more information. Signalong is being used as an illustration here and does not imply any preference for this over any other signing resource, for example Makaton.

Lists used for the conversion

16 high frequency words for reading


a, and, he, I, in, is, it, my, of, that, the, then, to, was, went, with.

100 high frequency words for reading


a, about, after, all, am, an, and, are, as, at, away, back, be, because, big, but, by, call, came, can, come, could, did, do, down, for, from, get, go, got, had, has, have, he, her, here, him, his, I, in, into, is, it, last, like, little, live, look made, make, me, my, new, next, not, now, of, off, old, on, once, one, other, our, out, over, put, saw, said, see, she, so, some, take, that, the, their, them, then, there, they, this, three, time, to, today, too, two, up, us, very, was, we, were, went, what, when, will, with, you.

Set of 100 early spoken words

See: Cambridgshire SLT department.

man, bricks, dinner, mummy, bus, plate, car, spoon, eyes, doll, sweets, feet, duck, crisps, hair, teddy, cup, hands, swing, drink, mouth, pram, milk, nose, juice, toes, book, water, tummy, box, paper, bed, bag, pencil, chair, coat, house, shoes, bird, table, hat, cat, pants, dog, brush, socks, flower, soap, tree, bath, towel, dry, read, find, big, on, clap, eat, stand, get, dirty, gone, cook, hit, throw, give, hot, more, cry, jump, walk, wet, like, yes, cut, kick, wash, look, down, no, drink, push, come, make, up, play, put, want, brick, eye, sweet, crisp, hand, toe, shoe, sock, daddy.

Set of common suffixes

See: (pdf).

‑able, ‑ible, ‑al, ‑ial, ‑ed, ‑en, ‑er, ‑est, ‑ful, ‑ic, ‑ing, ‑ion, ‑ation, ‑ition, ‑tion, ‑ity, ‑ty, ‑ative, ‑itive, ‑tive, ‑less, ‑ly, ‑ment, ‑ness, ‑eous, ‑ious, ‑ous, ‑es, ‑s, ‑y.

Set of common prefixes

See: (pdf).

anti‑, de‑, dis‑, en‑, em‑, fore‑, in‑, im‑, il‑, ir‑, inter‑, mid‑, mis‑, non‑, over‑, pre‑, re‑, semi‑, sub‑, super‑, trans‑, under‑, un‑.

Text Mangle Tool version 1.0

See the "comments" link associated with this page for more information about this tool.

What this tool is for

The purpose of this tool is to be able to get a flavour of:

  • What an early reader might get from text;
  • What can be gained from text where only a selected number of high frequency words are used;
  • How a strategy of signing could assist comprehension;
  • create your own Jaberwocky poem!

See the comments page for more information on this tool.

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