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Language and Communication follow 2 part instructions with 4 to 5 key words  This resource has been viewed by a moderator.


The child will listen to instructions with two parts to be carried out, with at least 4 to 5 key words in the instruction. Instructions may involve sequencing two steps.

Early years skill:not specified
Early years typical range:not specified
P-scales/Curriculum skill:English Listening
P-scales/Curriculum level:L1b
TAP skill:Language Understanding
TAP level:TAP56
Pre/Nat. Curriculum Area:not specified
Pre/Nat. Curiculum Standard:not specified
Section:Primary (5-11yrs) info
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Activity/strategy name and materials required How to do the activity Key principles for doing the activity and comments
Hunt the treasure

Something to use as 'treasure' - an interesting object or toy.

Explain that one person will be the person to hunt the treasure (the 'pirate' if appropriate!). The other children will hide the object and think of an instruction of where to look.

The person hunting closes their eyes / goes out of the room.

Hide the object, and think of an instruction to give a clue of where to look. Make sure the hiding place is not too easy, so that the instruction is long enough to be challenging.

(For example: "It's in the middle drawer of the cupboard under the big window").

Bring the person hunting the object back, and explain they need to listen carefully to the instruction. Give them the instruction.

They have to follow it to find the 'treasure'.

You may need to support the person hunting the treasure to remember the instruction, by using memory strategies.

If they forget where they need to look, encourage them to ask questions of the group. It is recommended that the group only answers yes / no - i.e. the child must formulate a precise question such as 'is it near the window?' rather than asking 'where is it?'

Alternatively, the person hunting can say 'give me a clue'. The other children must then give them a further instruction to help them, but not tell them exactly where the object is. E.g. 'go forward 2 steps and look up' You may need to support the children to do this.

Simon Says


The instructions you give do not just need to be actions - they can involve the children finding objects, touching particular colours, etc.

Selection challenge

A range of objects laid out on the table.

The objects can be everyday classroom objects. To make the activity topic specific, use objects linked to a current topic in class or in the language group.

Using objects the children find interesting makes the activity more enjoyable.

For younger children you could use a box, bag, or basket for them to put the objects they collect in.

To help the children develop self-monitoring skills, write down or draw the list of things you asked them to find (use paper or a white board). When they have made their selection, show them the list and have them check if they remembered what they needed to find.

Practical Activities

Any practical activity where the child must listen to instructions and carry them out to make something - e.g. origami fortuneteller, craft activities.

This is easily transferable to classroom activities.

Barrier Worksheets

A picture to colour - enough copies for everyone doing the activity, and for the adult too.

Colouring pens / pencils

A big book or folder to make a barrier

The activity is designed so that the child has to listen to, understand, and remember an instruction of 4-5 key words. If you break the instruction up into the different steps, the child will be working with several short instructions instead of one long one. E.g. 'colour the robot's head blue'. (Pause, child has chance to start doing this part) 'And then colour two shoes red.' is two instructions not one.

Make sure the child listens to your whole instruction before s/he starts to carry it out.

There is automatic feedback in this activity, as the child will be able to see from your picture if s/he got it right. If s/he got it wrong, s/he will be able to see what the instruction actually was.

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